At a Glance

A stock quote provides essential transaction information of a stock on a particular day. It is usually presented in a table and can be read at a quick glance.

Column name Example What it means
Stock name DBS Name used for trading on the counter/stock
Symbol D05 Code: assigned to the stock for easier reference and identification of the counter
Last 20.380 Last traded stock price
Chg +0.030 Change: change in last traded stock price from the previous day’s closing price
% Chg +0.147 Percentage change in last traded stock price from the previous day’s closing price
Vol 2,468.5 Volume: number of stocks (in thousands) traded so far during the trading day
Buy 20.370 Buying price: stock price at which buyers are willing to buy at
Sell 20.380 Selling price: stock price at which sellers are willing to sell at
Open 20.350 Traded stock price at the start of the trading day
High 20.420 Highest traded stock price so far during the trading day
Low 20.340 Lowest traded stock price so far during the trading day
 

Stock Analysis

  1. Technical Analysis

    Technical analysis is used to determine when and at what price to buy and sell a stock. It involves studying past prices and trading volume to predict future stock price movement. Common tools used include market depth and stock charts.

    Stock chart

    1. Time Interval/duration

      The x-axis can display from minutes to years’ worth of stock price history.

    2. Chart type

      Charts can appear in various forms such as line, candlestick, stairstep, to name a few. In this case, it is a bar chart.

    3. Price

      The length of the vertical bar shows the stock price range for that day. The small horizontal dash on the left of the vertical bar indicates the opening price for that day while the one on the right indicates the current price (assuming trading day has not ended) or closing price for that day.

      A green bar indicates the closing price is higher than the opening price; a red bar indicates the closing price is lower than the opening price.

    4. Volume

      These vertical bars indicate the volume of shares traded for that day. Green represents the stock volume traded was higher than the day before, and red when the stock volume was lower.

 
  1. Fundamental Analysis

    Fundamental analysis seeks to determine the growth potential of a stock. Therefore, it looks at external factors such as overall economy and industry conditions the company is subjected to, as well as internal factors such as financials and management of the company. Below are some key financial terms often used in fundamental analysis.

Financial term Definition Significance
Return on equity (ROE) Earnings relative to the amount invested by shareholders

ROE =
Net income
/ Shareholders’ equity
It shows how profitable a company is, and particularly, how good it is in using shareholders’ investment to generate earnings.
Earnings per share (EPS) Amount of earnings allocated to each common stock

EPS =
(Net Income - Dividends on Preferred Stock / Average Outstanding Shares)
It shows how profitable a company is, and particularly its ability to distribute dividends or reinvest earnings for future growth.

A comparison of EPS over the years will give a sense of a company’s growth.
Dividend payout ratio Ratio of earnings paid out in dividends to shareholders.

Dividend payout ratio =
Dividends per share / Earnings per share
It shows the ability of a company to continue to pay a certain dividend.

A high dividend payout ratio indicates that a company is paying more dividends than keeping its earnings.
Market capitalisation (market cap) Market value of all outstanding shares of a company.

Market cap = Price per share x Total number of shares outstanding
It is a measure of the company's worth.
 

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